Transfer Object Pattern

We are going to create a StudentBO as Business Object,Student as Transfer Object representing our entities.

TransferObjectPatternDemo, our demo class, is acting as a client here and will useStudentBO and Student to demonstrate Transfer Object Design Pattern.

Transfer Object Pattern UML Diagram

Step 1

Create Transfer Object.

StudentVO.java

public class StudentVO {
   private String name;
   private int rollNo;

   StudentVO(String name, int rollNo){
      this.name = name;
      this.rollNo = rollNo;
   }

   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }

   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }

   public int getRollNo() {
      return rollNo;
   }

   public void setRollNo(int rollNo) {
      this.rollNo = rollNo;
   }
}

Step 2

Create Business Object.

StudentBO.java

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class StudentBO {
	
   //list is working as a database
   List<StudentVO> students;

   public StudentBO(){
      students = new ArrayList<StudentVO>();
      StudentVO student1 = new StudentVO("Robert",0);
      StudentVO student2 = new StudentVO("John",1);
      students.add(student1);
      students.add(student2);		
   }
   public void deleteStudent(StudentVO student) {
      students.remove(student.getRollNo());
      System.out.println("Student: Roll No " + student.getRollNo() + ", deleted from database");
   }

   //retrive list of students from the database
   public List<StudentVO> getAllStudents() {
      return students;
   }

   public StudentVO getStudent(int rollNo) {
      return students.get(rollNo);
   }

   public void updateStudent(StudentVO student) {
      students.get(student.getRollNo()).setName(student.getName());
      System.out.println("Student: Roll No " + student.getRollNo() +", updated in the database");
   }
}

Step 3

Use the StudentBO to demonstrate Transfer Object Design Pattern.

TransferObjectPatternDemo.java

public class TransferObjectPatternDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      StudentBO studentBusinessObject = new StudentBO();

      //print all students
      for (StudentVO student : studentBusinessObject.getAllStudents()) {
         System.out.println("Student: [RollNo : " + student.getRollNo() + ", Name : " + student.getName() + " ]");
      }

      //update student
      StudentVO student = studentBusinessObject.getAllStudents().get(0);
      student.setName("Michael");
      studentBusinessObject.updateStudent(student);

      //get the student
      student = studentBusinessObject.getStudent(0);
      System.out.println("Student: [RollNo : " + student.getRollNo() + ", Name : " + student.getName() + " ]");
   }
}

Step 4

Verify the output.

Student: [RollNo : 0, Name : Robert ]
Student: [RollNo : 1, Name : John ]
Student: Roll No 0, updated in the database
Student: [RollNo : 0, Name : Michael ]