Strategy Pattern

We are going to create a Strategy interface defining an action and concrete strategy classes implementing the Strategy interface. Context is a class which uses a Strategy.

StrategyPatternDemo, our demo class, will use Context and strategy objects to demonstrate change in Context behaviour based on strategy it deploys or uses.

Strategy Pattern UML Diagram

Step 1

Create an interface.

Strategy.java

public interface Strategy {
   public int doOperation(int num1, int num2);
}

Step 2

Create concrete classes implementing the same interface.

OperationAdd.java

public class OperationAdd implements Strategy{
   @Override
   public int doOperation(int num1, int num2) {
      return num1 + num2;
   }
}

OperationSubstract.java

public class OperationSubstract implements Strategy{
   @Override
   public int doOperation(int num1, int num2) {
      return num1 - num2;
   }
}

OperationMultiply.java

public class OperationMultiply implements Strategy{
   @Override
   public int doOperation(int num1, int num2) {
      return num1 * num2;
   }
}

Step 3

Create Context Class.

Context.java

public class Context {
   private Strategy strategy;

   public Context(Strategy strategy){
      this.strategy = strategy;
   }

   public int executeStrategy(int num1, int num2){
      return strategy.doOperation(num1, num2);
   }
}

Step 4

Use the Context to see change in behaviour when it changes its Strategy.

StrategyPatternDemo.java

public class StrategyPatternDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Context context = new Context(new OperationAdd());		
      System.out.println("10 + 5 = " + context.executeStrategy(10, 5));

      context = new Context(new OperationSubstract());		
      System.out.println("10 - 5 = " + context.executeStrategy(10, 5));

      context = new Context(new OperationMultiply());		
      System.out.println("10 * 5 = " + context.executeStrategy(10, 5));
   }
}

Step 5

Verify the output.

10 + 5 = 15
10 - 5 = 5
10 * 5 = 50