Bridge Pattern

We have a DrawAPI interface which is acting as a bridge implementer and concrete classesRedCircle, GreenCircle implementing the DrawAPI interface. Shape is an abstract class and will use object of DrawAPI. BridgePatternDemo, our demo class will use Shape class to draw different colored circle.

bridge_pattern_uml_diagram

Step 1

Create bridge implementer interface.

DrawAPI.java

public interface DrawAPI {
   public void drawCircle(int radius, int x, int y);
}

Step 2

Create concrete bridge implementer classes implementing the DrawAPI interface.

RedCircle.java

public class RedCircle implements DrawAPI {
   @Override
   public void drawCircle(int radius, int x, int y) {
      System.out.println("Drawing Circle[ color: red, radius: " + radius + ", x: " + x + ", " + y + "]");
   }
}

GreenCircle.java

public class GreenCircle implements DrawAPI {
   @Override
   public void drawCircle(int radius, int x, int y) {
      System.out.println("Drawing Circle[ color: green, radius: " + radius + ", x: " + x + ", " + y + "]");
   }
}

Step 3

Create an abstract class Shape using the DrawAPI interface.

Shape.java

public abstract class Shape {
   protected DrawAPI drawAPI;
   
   protected Shape(DrawAPI drawAPI){
      this.drawAPI = drawAPI;
   }
   public abstract void draw();	
}

Step 4

Create concrete class implementing the Shape interface.

Circle.java

public class Circle extends Shape {
   private int x, y, radius;

   public Circle(int x, int y, int radius, DrawAPI drawAPI) {
      super(drawAPI);
      this.x = x;  
      this.y = y;  
      this.radius = radius;
   }

   public void draw() {
      drawAPI.drawCircle(radius,x,y);
   }
}

Step 5

Use the Shape and DrawAPI classes to draw different colored circles.

BridgePatternDemo.java

public class BridgePatternDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Shape redCircle = new Circle(100,100, 10, new RedCircle());
      Shape greenCircle = new Circle(100,100, 10, new GreenCircle());

      redCircle.draw();
      greenCircle.draw();
   }
}

Step 6

Verify the output.

Drawing Circle[ color: red, radius: 10, x: 100, 100]
Drawing Circle[  color: green, radius: 10, x: 100, 100]