Abstract Factory Pattern

We are going to create a Shape and Color interfaces and concrete classes implementing these interfaces. We create an abstract factory class AbstractFactory as next step. Factory classes ShapeFactory and ColorFactory are defined where each factory extendsAbstractFactory. A factory creator/generator class FactoryProducer is created.

AbstractFactoryPatternDemo, our demo class uses FactoryProducer to get aAbstractFactory object. It will pass information (CIRCLE / RECTANGLE / SQUARE for Shape) to AbstractFactory to get the type of object it needs. It also passes information (RED / GREEN / BLUE for Color) to AbstractFactory to get the type of object it needs.

abstractfactory_pattern_uml_diagram

Step 1

Create an interface for Shapes.

Shape.java

public interface Shape {
   void draw();
}

Step 2

Create concrete classes implementing the same interface.

Rectangle.java

public class Rectangle implements Shape {

   @Override
   public void draw() {
      System.out.println("Inside Rectangle::draw() method.");
   }
}

Square.java

public class Square implements Shape {

   @Override
   public void draw() {
      System.out.println("Inside Square::draw() method.");
   }
}

Circle.java

public class Circle implements Shape {

   @Override
   public void draw() {
      System.out.println("Inside Circle::draw() method.");
   }
}

Step 3

Create an interface for Colors.

Color.java

public interface Color {
   void fill();
}

Step4

Create concrete classes implementing the same interface.

Red.java

public class Red implements Color {

   @Override
   public void fill() {
      System.out.println("Inside Red::fill() method.");
   }
}

Green.java

public class Green implements Color {

   @Override
   public void fill() {
      System.out.println("Inside Green::fill() method.");
   }
}

Blue.java

public class Blue implements Color {

   @Override
   public void fill() {
      System.out.println("Inside Blue::fill() method.");
   }
}

Step 5

Create an Abstract class to get factories for Color and Shape Objects.

AbstractFactory.java

public abstract class AbstractFactory {
   abstract Color getColor(String color);
   abstract Shape getShape(String shape) ;
}

Step 6

Create Factory classes extending AbstractFactory to generate object of concrete class based on given information.

ShapeFactory.java

public class ShapeFactory extends AbstractFactory {
	
   @Override
   public Shape getShape(String shapeType){
   
      if(shapeType == null){
         return null;
      }		
      
      if(shapeType.equalsIgnoreCase("CIRCLE")){
         return new Circle();
         
      }else if(shapeType.equalsIgnoreCase("RECTANGLE")){
         return new Rectangle();
         
      }else if(shapeType.equalsIgnoreCase("SQUARE")){
         return new Square();
      }
      
      return null;
   }
   
   @Override
   Color getColor(String color) {
      return null;
   }
}

ColorFactory.java

public class ColorFactory extends AbstractFactory {
	
   @Override
   public Shape getShape(String shapeType){
      return null;
   }
   
   @Override
   Color getColor(String color) {
   
      if(color == null){
         return null;
      }		
      
      if(color.equalsIgnoreCase("RED")){
         return new Red();
         
      }else if(color.equalsIgnoreCase("GREEN")){
         return new Green();
         
      }else if(color.equalsIgnoreCase("BLUE")){
         return new Blue();
      }
      
      return null;
   }
}

Step 7

Create a Factory generator/producer class to get factories by passing an information such as Shape or Color

FactoryProducer.java

public class FactoryProducer {
   public static AbstractFactory getFactory(String choice){
   
      if(choice.equalsIgnoreCase("SHAPE")){
         return new ShapeFactory();
         
      }else if(choice.equalsIgnoreCase("COLOR")){
         return new ColorFactory();
      }
      
      return null;
   }
}

Step 8

Use the FactoryProducer to get AbstractFactory in order to get factories of concrete classes by passing an information such as type.

AbstractFactoryPatternDemo.java

public class AbstractFactoryPatternDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) {

      //get shape factory
      AbstractFactory shapeFactory = FactoryProducer.getFactory("SHAPE");

      //get an object of Shape Circle
      Shape shape1 = shapeFactory.getShape("CIRCLE");

      //call draw method of Shape Circle
      shape1.draw();

      //get an object of Shape Rectangle
      Shape shape2 = shapeFactory.getShape("RECTANGLE");

      //call draw method of Shape Rectangle
      shape2.draw();
      
      //get an object of Shape Square 
      Shape shape3 = shapeFactory.getShape("SQUARE");

      //call draw method of Shape Square
      shape3.draw();

      //get color factory
      AbstractFactory colorFactory = FactoryProducer.getFactory("COLOR");

      //get an object of Color Red
      Color color1 = colorFactory.getColor("RED");

      //call fill method of Red
      color1.fill();

      //get an object of Color Green
      Color color2 = colorFactory.getColor("Green");

      //call fill method of Green
      color2.fill();

      //get an object of Color Blue
      Color color3 = colorFactory.getColor("BLUE");

      //call fill method of Color Blue
      color3.fill();
   }
}

Step 9

Verify the output.

Inside Circle::draw() method.
Inside Rectangle::draw() method.
Inside Square::draw() method.
Inside Red::fill() method.
Inside Green::fill() method.
Inside Blue::fill() method.